Many states cover firefighters for one or more cancers under workers’ compensation because of presumptive legislation. This presumptive legislation contains broad or nonspecific language that can be interpreted to cover any cancer experienced by a firefighter. Most commonly those are leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, brain cancer, bladder cancer, and gastrointestinal cancer.
San Francisco adopted this law in 2014, after one of the studies that they were involved in with the Center for Disease Control’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). NIOSH sent out three epidemiologists to San Francisco in 2010 to see if there was a direct correlation between firefighting and elevated rates of cancer. The law is nationwide, but it’s up to each municipality to adopt it.